On a bitterly cold and snowy day in January 1982, Air Florida flight 90 took off from Washington D.C. heading to Tampa, Florida.
Immediately after takeoff the plane began experiencing problems from the ice that had formed on its wings. It plummeted, skipping off Washington’s 14th Street bridge and crashing into the icy waters of the Potomac River.
The ensuing rescue effort was broadcast on local television. Frigid temperatures and bad weather hampered the first responders. With time running out to save the crash victims, a bystander named Lenny Skutnik suddenly jumped in and saved flight attendant Priscilla Trijado, who had twice fallen back into the water after slipping away from rescue lines.
A speechwriter for Ronald Reagan named Aram Bakshian was watching the coverage. He immediately thought Skutnik’s story would resonate with the American people and decided to include it in his draft of Reagan’s upcoming State of the Union address.
A few weeks later, Skutnik was sitting in the gallery of the U.S. House chamber watching as President Reagan told his story.
Reagan recounted the rescue. He said Skutnik embodied “American heroism at its finest.”
Reagan then looked up at Skutnik, who was seated in the gallery next to First Lady Nancy Reagan. The chamber burst into applause.
This was the first of what was to become a tradition in State of the Union addresses. It has become such a predictable part of the speech that the act of pointing out a guest seated in the gallery has become known as “the Skutnik,” and the guests themselves are referred to as “Lenny Skutniks.”
Why presidents do it
Presidents have historically selected uncontroversial figures who embody a positive message, or at least who represent a political agenda framed in virtuousness for the greater good.